Sabtu, 12 November 2011

Procedure Text - Purpose, Goal/Aim, Language, Types And Components


Ø The purpose of a procedure is to tell the reader how to do or make something.
Ø The information is presented in a logical sequence of events, which is broken up into small sequenced steps.
Ø The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe.

Types of Procedural Texts
Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity
recipes, rules for games, science experiments, road safety rules, how to do it manuals.
Texts that instruct how to operate things
how to operate an appliance, a machine, the photocopier, the computer


A procedure usually has four components
          Goal or Aim         : states what is to be done
          Materials              : listed in order of use
                                          includes items needed to complete task     
          Method                 : a series of steps
          Evaluation            : how the success of the procedure
                                           can be tested

Headings, subheadings, numbered steps, diagrams, photographs
are often used to help clarify instructions.

The text usually:
·                    is written in the simple present tense (do this, do that)
·                    focuses on generalized people rather than individuals (first you take, rather than first I take)
·                    the reader is often referred to in a general way, i.e. pronouns (you or one)
·                    action verbs (cut, fold, twist, hold etc) 
·                    linking words to do with time (first, when, then) are used to connect the text
·                    detailed information on how (carefully, with the scissors); where (from the top); when (after it has set)
·                   detailed factual description (shape, size, colour, amount)

Procedure text is kind of text which teaches on how to make something completely. Procedure text is dominantly structured with imperative sentence since it actually an instruction. Procedure text usually explain the ingredient or material which is need, though sometime it is omitted, after that procedure text will explain step by step how to make the thing. See the following example of procedure text!

The Procedure of Making Meatballs
What you need for the ingredients
  • 1 kilo of very fine minced meat (preferably beef)
  • 2 Eggs
  • 300 grams of tapioca-flour
  • 4-8 cloves of garlic
  • 1 red onion
  • 1 teaspoon of white pepper
  • 2 teaspoons of salt

The steps to make meatballs
These steps are instruction on how to make meatballs, just meatball, the soup is made separately.
First of all,mix garlic, red onion, salt, and white pepper in a mortar or mixer.
Second step, mix the spice-mixture with the eggs, the tapioca-flour and the minced meat.
After that, use your fingers, add a cup of water, and keep on working until the mixture feels soft and smooth.
Then, boil some water in a rather large pot, at least about 2 liters.
Next step, start rolling the mixture into small meatballs.
Finally, lower the meatballs into the boiling water. When they float up to the surface the meatball are ready to serve.

1 komentar:

Fitria Eranda mengatakan...

Thank you very much for the information. it really help me to make my presentation about procedure :)

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